FOOD SECURITY LAWS IN UAE
A major component of food security is food safety, especially in the UAE, which depends heavily on imports to meet a large part of its food needs. Some of the aspects to ensure food safety in the UAE.
- Legislated on food safety
- System of accreditation and registration for food products
- A national food emergency alert system was established
- Controlled the importation of food for non-trading purposes
To guarantee food safety UAE Federal Law No. 10, standards and regulations ensure that food is safe and healthy for the public as well as for consumers. Those who endanger food safety across the UAE are subject to strict punishment. This law also ensures: -
- The traded foods are safe and wholesome and monitor them throughout the food chain to ascertain their suitability for human consumption.
- Remove all the risks and harmful ingredients present in food to protect consumers' health
- Protect the consumer from harmful, adulterated, deceptive or inappropriate food.
- Make sure traded feeds are safe and healthy.
- Facilitate the movement of the food trade.
Federal law no. 10 consisting of 22 articles aims to guarantee that the food being marketed in the Emirates is safe and compliant, To Make sure that the food chain is controlled at all stages, Consumers should be protected from every possible harm related to food, ensure that consumers are not exposed to unhealthy or adulterated food, guarantee the safety of the circulating fodder and facilitate the food trade.
Instalments, shipments entering or crossing the territory, and food at all stages of the food
chain are subject to the provisions of this Law.
Similarly, art.6 and art 7 concern health and precautionary measures and deal with permits and registration. In addition to art.8, it regards the food and feeds import and article 9 ensures the owners of food installations are listed with their obligations. The provisions in art.10 pertain to fodder establishments and concerns control and inspections with art.12 and 13 regulate the circulation of food and fodder.
- Without approval from the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment, no food may be imported into the country for the first time.
- Food or products containing pork or alcohol or any of their by-products without permission can lead to prison terms of not less than one month and a fine of up to AED 500,000.
- PA fine ranging from 10,000 to 100,000 AED will be imposed for misleading consumers by publishing a false description of food or using incorrect labelling.
To ensure proper implementation of response measures when serious food risks are detected, the National Rapid Alert System was launched in 2017. In addition to handling food risk alerts, the system allows for banning and lifting of bans of adulterated and misbranded foods.
The working area of the system include the segregation of responsibilities and roles, find out the criteria to report food incidents, they also look out the border rejection of food and adulterated products in the market.
The system assigns the food incidents a high, medium, or low classification based on a classification matrix. In addition, it gives an indication of the factors used to classify the risk -- the severity, size, scope, and number of people affected by an incident.